On Tuesday, the White House proposed regulatory principles to govern the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) aimed at limiting authorities’ “overreach”; it also said, it wants European authorities to follow its lead and avoid aggressive approaches.
Producing a fact sheet the White House said, federal agencies should “conduct risk assessment and cost-benefit analyses prior to any regulatory action on AI, with a focus on establishing flexible frameworks rather than one-size-fits-all regulation.”
The development comes at a time when companies are racing to integrate deep machine learning and AI into their businesses to become more competitive. Doing so however has raised ethical issues revolving around cyber security, control, privacy, and the future of work, said experts and companies.
The Trump administration has highlighted the point that agencies should “promote trustworthy AI” and “must consider fairness, non-discrimination, openness, transparency, safety, and security.”
Citing an example, the White House said, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is currently evaluating how to regulate the use of AI and machine learning technologies by medical device manufacturers.
“Europe and our allies should avoid heavy handed innovation-killing models,” said the White House while adding, “the best way to counter authoritarian uses of AI is to make sure America and our international partners remain the global hubs of innovation.”
In 2019, the European Commission’s High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence had issued a set of ethical guidelines. EU leaders are also weighing regulatory options.
THREAT TO PRIVACY & SECURITY
In September 2019, the California’s legislature had passed a ban, applicable for three years, on state and local law enforcement using body cameras with facial-recognition technology. Such technologies pose a threat to civil liberties. Many U.S. cities have also voted to disallow the usage of facial-recognition technology by law enforcement agencies.
In a statement, White House’s chief technology officer, Michael Kratsios, said these “principles set the nation on a path of continued AI innovation and discovery.” Kratsios is set to talk on the Trump Administration’s AI strategy at the CES trade show in Las Vegas later this week.